Venous leg ulcers are skin ulcerations that typically create shallow wounds on the skin of your legs. They can take a long time to heal, and if you do not treat them properly, they are likely to return. We encourage you to contact Medicus Vein Care if you are experiencing any of these symptoms:
- Skin on your leg has a deep red or purple coloring.
- Your skin feels thick or hard.
- Your ankles swell.
- Your legs ache or swell.
- You discover red, flaky and/or itchy skin on your legs.
- A leg wound starts producing discharge.
- You feel chronic pain in your leg.
Causes of Venous Leg Ulcers
Venous skin ulcers are caused by elevated venous pressure in your legs. Healthy veins have a system of valves that controls the amount of blood that is able to stay in a section of the vein at any given time. However, if you have venous insufficiency, these vein valves can become blocked or damaged, causing the blood to pool in a section of the vein. The pressure from this pooling can damage the skin and cause venous leg ulcers.
Typically, venous leg ulcers arise as a complication from existing untreated varicose veins. Varicose vein treatment can help you avoid these ulcers if you are at risk.
What Are the Risk Factors?
You have an increased risk of developing venous leg ulcers if you are inactive, obese, have varicose veins, have deep vein thrombosis or have a previous injury. Inactivity causes your calf muscles to weaken and affects circulation within your legs. Obesity increases the pressure within your legs, which can also affect circulation. Both of these factors can increase your risk of getting varicose veins, which can lead to ulcers over time. Deep vein thrombosis and previous injury can damage the valves in your veins, increasing your risk.
Diagnosis and Treatment
If you believe you have developed a venous leg ulcer, we recommend you schedule a free consultation so we can evaluate your venous disease. We may refer you to a wound care center for further evaluation and treatment of your ulcer.